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slackware:liveslak [2018/02/12 18:44 (UTC)]
alienbob [Scripts and tools] Typo fix.
slackware:liveslak [2019/11/13 21:55 (UTC)] (current)
alienbob [Sources] URL fixes
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 Common download locations are: Common download locations are:
-  * Primary site: http://bear.alienbase.nl/mirrors/​slackware-live/​ (%%rsync://bear.alienbase.nl/​mirrors/​slackware-live/​%%)+  * Primary site: http://slackware.nl/​slackware-live/​ (%%rsync://slackware.nl/​mirrors/​slackware-live/​%%)
   * Darren'​s http://​slackware.uk/​people/​alien-slacklive/​ (%%rsync://​slackware.uk/​people/​alien-slacklive/​%%)   * Darren'​s http://​slackware.uk/​people/​alien-slacklive/​ (%%rsync://​slackware.uk/​people/​alien-slacklive/​%%)
   * Willy'​s http://​repo.ukdw.ac.id/​slackware-live/​   * Willy'​s http://​repo.ukdw.ac.id/​slackware-live/​
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     # ./upslak.sh -d     # ./upslak.sh -d
   * Updating kernel and modules, providing two packages as input and assuming the USB stick is known as /dev/sdX:   * Updating kernel and modules, providing two packages as input and assuming the USB stick is known as /dev/sdX:
-    # ./upslak.sh -o /dev/sdX -m kernel-modules-4.9.50-x86_64-1.txz -k kernel-generic-4.9.50-x86_64-1.txz+    # ./upslak.sh -o /dev/sdX -m kernel-modules-4.19.0-x86_64-1.txz -k kernel-generic-4.19.0-x86_64-1.txz
   * Restore the previous kernel and modules after a failed update, and let the script scan your computer for the insertion of your USB stick:   * Restore the previous kernel and modules after a failed update, and let the script scan your computer for the insertion of your USB stick:
     # ./upslak.sh -s -r     # ./upslak.sh -s -r
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 === Media tweaks === === Media tweaks ===
 +
 +cfg=[skip|write] =>
 +  Specify '​skip'​ to skip disk-based configuration file containing
 +  OS parameters; or specify '​write'​ to write current OS parameters
 +  to disk.
  
 hostname=your_custom_hostname[,​qualifier] => hostname=your_custom_hostname[,​qualifier] =>
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   * The script reads a package sequence for the Live variant and installs all packages in this sequence to subdirectories of a temporary directory tree.   * The script reads a package sequence for the Live variant and installs all packages in this sequence to subdirectories of a temporary directory tree.
-  * Every Slackware package set (a, ap, d, ... , y) or package list (min, xbase, xapbase, ...) is installed into a separate '​root'​ directory.+  * Every Slackware package set (a, ap, d, ... , y) or package list (min, noxbase, x_base, xapbase, ...) is installed into a separate '​root'​ directory.
   * Each of those root directories is "​squashed"​ (using squashfs) into a separate squashfs module. ​ Such a module is a single archive file containing the compressed directory structure of the installed packages.   * Each of those root directories is "​squashed"​ (using squashfs) into a separate squashfs module. ​ Such a module is a single archive file containing the compressed directory structure of the installed packages.
   * These module files are subsequently loop-mounted and then combined together into a single read-only directory structure using an "​overlay mount"​. ​ The overlayfs is relatively new; earlier Live distros have been using aufs and unionfs to achieve similar functionality,​ but those were not part of any stock kernel source and therefore custom kernels had to be compiled for such a Live distro.   * These module files are subsequently loop-mounted and then combined together into a single read-only directory structure using an "​overlay mount"​. ​ The overlayfs is relatively new; earlier Live distros have been using aufs and unionfs to achieve similar functionality,​ but those were not part of any stock kernel source and therefore custom kernels had to be compiled for such a Live distro.
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 This section explains how the script modifies the ISO for the enhanced USB functionality. This section explains how the script modifies the ISO for the enhanced USB functionality.
 +
 +== Layout of the USB stick ==
 +
 +The "​iso2usb.sh"​ script wipes and re-partitions the USB stick unless the "​-r"​ or //refresh// parameter is used.  See section "​[[#​transfering_iso_content_to_usb_stick|Transfering ISO content to USB stick]]"​ for an explanation of all commandline switches. \\ The script will create 3 partitions:
 +
 +  * First partition: a small (1 MB in size) FAT partition which  is not used for Slackware Live Edition. ​ It can be used by an alternative bootloader if needed. ​ You can also store your LUKS keyfile on it to unlock a LUKS-encrypted Slackware Linux computer (see the [[http://​ftp.osuosl.org/​pub/​slackware/​slackware64-current/​README_CRYPT.TXT|README_CRYPT.TXT]] file on your Slackware DVD for more information on LUKS keyfiles).
 +  * Second partition: a 100 MB VFAT partition containing the kernel, initrd and all the other stuff required by syslinux and grub2 to boot Slackware Live Edition.
 +  * Third partition: a Linux partition taking up all of the remaining space. It contains the actual liveslak modules, the persistent live storage and optionally your encrypted homedirectory. You can use the remainder of this Linux //ext4// filesystem'​s free space to store anything you like.
 +
 +Note that this script is the only supported method of transfering the liveslak ISO content to a USB stick and make that USB stick into a persistent live OS.  Several 3rd party tools (like multibootusb,​ rufus, unetbootin) that claim to be able to mix several Live OS'es on a single USB stick and make them all work in a multi-boot setup, are not currently supporting liveslak.
  
 == Mounting a filesystem in an encrypted container == == Mounting a filesystem in an encrypted container ==
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 == Replace the liveslak init script == == Replace the liveslak init script ==
  
-The init script inside the initrd image is the core of liveslak. ​ The init script prepares the Live filesystem and configures several run-time OS parameters. ​ If you have made modifications to this init script you can easily replace the default init script with your own script using the '​-i'​ option. ​ The "​upslak.sh"​ script is smart enough to recognize a iveslak template as input. ​ The "​.tpl"​ extension of some liveslak files means that these are templates. ​ They are not usable as-is, because they contain placeholder strings like "​@VERSION@ or "​@DISTRO@"​ that first need to be replaced with real values. ​ The "​upslak.sh"​ script will take care of these substitutions.+The init script inside the initrd image is the core of liveslak. ​ The init script prepares the Live filesystem and configures several run-time OS parameters. ​ If you have made modifications to this init script you can easily replace the default init script with your own script using the '​-i'​ option. ​ The "​upslak.sh"​ script is smart enough to recognize a iveslak template as input. ​ The "​.tpl"​ extension of some liveslak files means that these are templates. ​ They are not usable as-is, because they contain placeholder strings like "​@VERSION@" ​or "​@DISTRO@"​ that first need to be replaced with real values. ​ The "​upslak.sh"​ script will take care of these substitutions.
  
 == Wrap persistence data into a new squashfs module == == Wrap persistence data into a new squashfs module ==
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     * locale = the locale used in the country     * locale = the locale used in the country
     * xkb = optional custom X keyboard variant for the language     * xkb = optional custom X keyboard variant for the language
-  * liveinit - this is the "​init"​ script which is copied into the initrd image for the Live OS.  Together with the Slackware generic kernel, the initrd is what boots the computer. The "​init"​ script assembles the Live filesystem from its squashfs modules.+  * liveinit.tpl - this is the template for the "​init"​ script which is copied into the initrd image for the Live OS.  Together with the Slackware generic kernel, the initrd is what boots the computer. The "​init"​ script assembles the Live filesystem from its squashfs modules.
   * make_slackware_live.conf - the configuration file for the "​make_slackware_live.sh"​ script. ​ You can define defaults for many script parameters here so that you do not have to edit the script itself.   * make_slackware_live.conf - the configuration file for the "​make_slackware_live.sh"​ script. ​ You can define defaults for many script parameters here so that you do not have to edit the script itself.
   * make_slackware_live.sh - the script that generates the Live ISO.   * make_slackware_live.sh - the script that generates the Live ISO.
   * makemod - this script creates a squashfs module out of a Slackware package (or out of a directory tree).   * makemod - this script creates a squashfs module out of a Slackware package (or out of a directory tree).
   * menu.tpl - template which is used to generate the syslinux boot menu for BIOS computers.   * menu.tpl - template which is used to generate the syslinux boot menu for BIOS computers.
-  * pxeserver - the script that starts a PXE server allowing other computers to boot Slackware Live over the network. +  * pxeserver.tpl template to generate ​the script that starts a PXE server allowing other computers to boot Slackware Live over the network. 
-  * setup2hd - the script you use to install your Slackware Live to a harddisk.+  * setup2hd.tpl  ​template to generate ​the script you use to install your Slackware Live to a harddisk.
   * setup2hd.local - here a developer of a custom Live OS can override the default post-installation routine by (re-)defining the function "​live_post_install()"​ in the ''​setup2hd''​ script.   * setup2hd.local - here a developer of a custom Live OS can override the default post-installation routine by (re-)defining the function "​live_post_install()"​ in the ''​setup2hd''​ script.
  
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  -a arch            Machine architecture (default: x86_64).  -a arch            Machine architecture (default: x86_64).
                     Use i586 for a 32bit ISO, x86_64 for 64bit.                     Use i586 for a 32bit ISO, x86_64 for 64bit.
 + -c comp            Squashfs compression (default: xz).
 +                    Can be any of 'gzip lzma lzo xz zstd'.
  -d desktoptype ​    ​SLACKWARE (full Slack), KDE4 (basic KDE4),  -d desktoptype ​    ​SLACKWARE (full Slack), KDE4 (basic KDE4),
                     XFCE (basic XFCE), PLASMA5 (KDE Plasma5 replaces KDE4),                     XFCE (basic XFCE), PLASMA5 (KDE Plasma5 replaces KDE4),
                     MATE (Gnome2 fork replaces KDE4), CINNAMON (fork of Gnome3                     MATE (Gnome2 fork replaces KDE4), CINNAMON (fork of Gnome3
-                    Shell replaces KDE4).+                    Shell replaces KDE4), DLACK (adds Gnome3, PAM and systemd).
  ​-e ​                Use ISO boot-load-size of 32 for computers  ​-e ​                Use ISO boot-load-size of 32 for computers
                     where the ISO won't boot otherwise (default: 4).                     where the ISO won't boot otherwise (default: 4).
  ​-f ​                ​Forced re-generation of all squashfs modules,  ​-f ​                ​Forced re-generation of all squashfs modules,
                     custom configurations and new initrd.img.                     custom configurations and new initrd.img.
 + -l <​localization> ​ Enable a different default localization
 +                    (script-default is '​us'​).
  -m pkglst[,​pkglst] Add modules defined by pkglists/<​pkglst>,​...  -m pkglst[,​pkglst] Add modules defined by pkglists/<​pkglst>,​...
  -r series[,​series] Refresh only one or a few package series.  -r series[,​series] Refresh only one or a few package series.
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 The script uses package repositories to create a Live ISO.  The packages will be installed into a temporary directory. The script uses package repositories to create a Live ISO.  The packages will be installed into a temporary directory.
  
-In order to create a Live ISO for any of these variants, the package repositories that are required must be available as a local directory (this can be a network-mounted directory).  ​//A local mirror ​of the Slackware repository ​is mandatory - you have to download these yourself//​. ​ Any other packages, i.e. those that are used from a 3rd party repository will be downloaded from a remote server as long as a rsync URL for the repository is configured in ./​pkglists/​*.conf.+In order to create a Live ISO for any of these variants, the package repositories that are required must be available as a local directory (this can be a network-mounted directory).  ​If you have not mirrored them locally, then all packages ​of the Slackware repository ​as well as those you require ​from  a 3rd party repository will be downloaded from a remote server as long as a rsync URL for the repository is configured in ./​pkglists/​*.conf.
  
 When all pre-reqs are met, you issue a single command to generate the ISO.  The following example will create a pure Slackware Live Edition: When all pre-reqs are met, you issue a single command to generate the ISO.  The following example will create a pure Slackware Live Edition:
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 # and "​pkglists/​cinelerra.lst"​ defining the package location and package list # and "​pkglists/​cinelerra.lst"​ defining the package location and package list
 # respectively):​ # respectively):​
-#​SEQ_CUSTOM="​min,​xbase,​xapbase,​xfcebase,​cinelerra"​+#​SEQ_CUSTOM="​min,​noxbase,​x_base,​xapbase,​xfcebase,​cinelerra"​
  
 # OPTIONAL: # OPTIONAL:
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     0000 = contains the Slackware /boot directory     0000 = contains the Slackware /boot directory
     0010-0019 = packages installed from a Slackware tagfile (a,ap,d, ... , y series)     0010-0019 = packages installed from a Slackware tagfile (a,ap,d, ... , y series)
-    0020-0029 = packages installed from a package list as found in the ./pkglists subdirectory of the liveslak sources (min, xbase, xapbase, xfcebase etc)+    0020-0029 = packages installed from a package list as found in the ./pkglists subdirectory of the liveslak sources (min, noxbase, x_base, xapbase, xfcebase etc)
     0030-0039 = a '​local'​ package, i.e. a package found in subdirectory ./local or ./local64 (depending on architecture)     0030-0039 = a '​local'​ package, i.e. a package found in subdirectory ./local or ./local64 (depending on architecture)
     0099 = liveslak configuration module (contaning all the customizations that change the installed packages into a usable Live OS) </​code>​     0099 = liveslak configuration module (contaning all the customizations that change the installed packages into a usable Live OS) </​code>​
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 Website: http://​slackex.exton.net/​ Website: http://​slackex.exton.net/​
  
-A website offering Live versions based on many regular Linux distributions. ​ The SlackEX version is loosely based on Slackware with a custom kernel and some tools that are not part of Slackware itself. ​ I was unable to find the sources for this live distro.+A website offering Live versions based on many regular Linux distributions. ​ The SlackEX version is loosely based on Slackware with a custom kernel and some tools that are not part of Slackware itself. ​ I was unable to find the sources for this live distro. Its creator stopped SlackEX development in December 2017.
  
  
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 Slackware Live Edition is created by the '​liveslak'​ scripts developed and maintained by Eric Hameleers aka Alien BOB [[alien@slackware.com]]. Slackware Live Edition is created by the '​liveslak'​ scripts developed and maintained by Eric Hameleers aka Alien BOB [[alien@slackware.com]].
  
-  * Git repository: %%git://bear.alienbase.nl/​liveslak.git%% +  * Git repository: %%git://slackware.nl/​liveslak.git%% 
-  * Git repository (browsable):​ http://bear.alienbase.nl/cgit/liveslak/+  * Git repository (browsable):​ http://git.slackware.nl/​liveslak/​
   * Download mirror: http://​www.slackware.com/​~alien/​liveslak/​   * Download mirror: http://​www.slackware.com/​~alien/​liveslak/​
  
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 ====== Sources ====== ====== Sources ======
 <!-- If you copy information from another source, then specify that source --> <!-- If you copy information from another source, then specify that source -->
-  * Original source: [[http://bear.alienbase.nl/cgit/​liveslak/​tree/​README.txt]]+  * Original source: [[https://git.slackware.nl/​liveslak/​tree/​README.txt]] 
 +  * Project landing page: [[https://​alien.slackbook.org/​blog/​slackware-live-edition/​]]
 <!-- Authors are allowed to give credit to themselves! --> <!-- Authors are allowed to give credit to themselves! -->
   * Originally written by [[wiki:​user:​alienbob | Eric Hameleers]]   * Originally written by [[wiki:​user:​alienbob | Eric Hameleers]]
-<!-- * Contrbutions ​by [[wiki:​user:​yyy | User Y]] -->+<!-- * Contributions ​by [[wiki:​user:​yyy | User Y]] -->
  
 <!-- Please do not modify anything below, except adding new tags.--> <!-- Please do not modify anything below, except adding new tags.-->
 <!-- You must also remove the tag-word "​template"​ below. Otherwise your page will not show up in the Table of Contents --> <!-- You must also remove the tag-word "​template"​ below. Otherwise your page will not show up in the Table of Contents -->
 {{tag>​slackware live author_alienbob}} {{tag>​slackware live author_alienbob}}

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