The Wiki has moved to new hardware, and the old server died.

Welcome to the Slackware Documentation Project

This is an old revision of the document!


Setup Apache httpd server

This is a general how to to get a basic httpd service up and running.

Applies to:

  • Slackware 14.1 (and possibly previous versions)
  • Apache 2 (and possibly previous versions)

Basic Setup

Edit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/uncomment the following lines as necessary:

vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

  # optional, require a proper DNS configuration
  ServerAdmin you@myawesomeserver.com
  ServerName www.myawesomeserver.com:80
  
  <Directory />
      AllowOverride none
      Require all denied
  </Directory>

  DocumentRoot "/srv/httpd/htdocs"
  <Directory "/srv/httpd/htdocs">
      Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
      AllowOverride None
      Require all granted
  </Directory>

  <IfModule dir_module>
      DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.pl index.php
  </IfModule>
  
  ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/error_log"
  
  CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log" common
  
  # Optional but nice. this creates a directory listing if index.html is missing.
  Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf
  # Optional
  Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-default.conf

All other default settings should be good.

Make httpd start on boot.

chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/rc.httpd
/etc/rc.d/rc.httpd start

HINT: With these settings, your default webpages should be put in /srv/httpd/htdocs. Your default logs should be under /var/log/httpd.

User Directories

This will allow users to have individual web space (/home/user/public_html). These can be accessed from the web by adding “~username” to the URL.

Example: http://www.slackware.com/~pat

Edit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/uncomment the following lines as necessary:

 vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

  LoadModule authz_host_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authz_host.so
  LoadModule authz_user_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authz_user.so
  LoadModule authz_core_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authz_core.so
  LoadModule userdir_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_userdir.so
  Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

Edit /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-userdir.conf, change/uncomment the following:

vi /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

  <Directory "/home/*/public_html">
      AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit Indexes
      Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
      Require method GET POST OPTIONS
  </Directory>

Restart Apache

/etc/rc.d/rc.httpd restart

Enable CGI-BIN

This enables CGI script execution on your webserver.

Edit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/uncomment the following lines as necessary:

 vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

  LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
  LoadModule proxy_scgi_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
  LoadModule cgid_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_cgid.so

  <IfModule alias_module>
      ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/srv/httpd/cgi-bin/"
  </IfModule>

  <Directory "/srv/httpd/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Require all granted
  </Directory>

  <IfModule mime_module>
    AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl
  </IfModule>

Restart Apache

/etc/rc.d/rc.httpd restart

HINT: Your cgi-bin directory will be /srv/httpd/cgi-bin/. The scripts can be accessed by adding /cgi-bin/SCRIPTNAME to the website URL.

Example: http://www.slackware.com/cgi-bin/awesomescript.pl

NOTE: This does not apply to PHP scripts, see the below for them.

User CGI-BIN

This will allow users to run CGI scripts out of their /home/user/public_html/cgi-bin directory. Their scripts can be accessed through their user directories.

Example: http://www.slackware.com/~pat/cgi-bin/webform.pl

Setup CGI-BIN as described above.

Edit /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-userdir.conf - Here is what you care about, change/uncomment the following lines as necessary:

vi /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

  <Directory "/home/*/public_html/cgi-bin">
    Options ExecCGI
    SetHandler cgi-script
  </Directory>

Restart Apache

/etc/rc.d/rc.httpd restart

Enable PHP

Virtual Hosts

Edit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/uncomment the following lines as necessary:

vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

  Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

Edit /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf - Here is what you care about, add one of these entries for each virtual host:

vi /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

  <VirtualHost *:80>
      ServerAdmin webmaster@www.server1.com
      DocumentRoot "/home/server1/public_html/"
      ServerName server1.com
      ServerAlias www.server1.com
      ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/server1.com-error.log"
      CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/server1.com-access.log" common
  </VirtualHost>
  
    <VirtualHost *:80>
      ServerAdmin webmaster@www.server2.com
      DocumentRoot "/home/server2/public_html/"
      ServerName server2.com
      ServerAlias www.server2.com
      ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/server2.com-error.log"
      CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/server2.com-access.log" common
  </VirtualHost>

Restart Apache

/etc/rc.d/rc.httpd restart

NOTE: I run my vhosts as users so, the document roots are under /home/user directories. You do not have to do this. You can put the document roots anywhere you like.

Example:

/srv/www/htdocs/server1
/srv/www/htdocs/server2

NOTE 2: These do not affect your default webserver setting in /etc/httpd/httpd.conf. That web server instance will still work and be the default if a plain IP in used as the URL.

VHOSTS WITH INDIVIDUAL CGI-BIN DIRECTORIES

If you have virtual hosts that need cgi (or need cgi in their own directory) you can do it like this:

1) Edit /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf - Add one of these entries for each vhost that needs unique cgi-bin directories:

vi /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

  <Directory /home/server1/public_html/cgi-bin/>
      Options ExecCGI
      SetHandler cgi-script
  </Directory>

2) Restart Apache

/etc/rc.d/rc.httpd restart

HINT: I usually put these with their respective <VirtualHost *:80> entries.

NOTE: Change the “/home/server1/public_html/cgi-bin/” to the correct directory location.

HTTPS / SSL

to be added

SNI HTTPS / SSL (Name based https)

to be added

Sources


In Other Languages
Translations of this page?:
QR Code
QR Code howtos:network_services:setup_apache (generated for current page)