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howtos:misc:internationalization_and_localization_of_shell_scripts [2015/03/31 11:30 (UTC)]
didierspaier Formatting modified to ease conversion to AsciiDoc marup
howtos:misc:internationalization_and_localization_of_shell_scripts [2015/12/22 22:31 (UTC)] (current)
didierspaier [Processes diagrams] Typo fix
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 This document is intended to help developers, maintainers and translators to write/​maintain/​translate internationalized then localized shell scripts, using the tools provided by GNU gettext. This document is intended to help developers, maintainers and translators to write/​maintain/​translate internationalized then localized shell scripts, using the tools provided by GNU gettext.
  
-The reference document is the manual entitled [[http://​www.gnu.org/​software/​gettext/​manual/​gettext.html|GNU ​`gettext'​ utilities]].+The reference document is the manual entitled [[http://​www.gnu.org/​software/​gettext/​manual/​gettext.html|GNU ​'gettext'​ utilities]].
  
 The manual encompasses all programming languages usable with gettext, with a special focus on the C language. The manual encompasses all programming languages usable with gettext, with a special focus on the C language.
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 Among these actions are execution of some programs of the gettext suite: Among these actions are execution of some programs of the gettext suite:
-  * gettetxt: marks strings to be insternationalized, then displays localized messages during scripts'​ execution+  * gettetxt: marks strings to be internationalized, then displays localized messages during scripts'​ execution
   * xgettext: extracts marked strings from a set of shell scripts to build a POT or a PO file   * xgettext: extracts marked strings from a set of shell scripts to build a POT or a PO file
   * msgcmp: ​  ​checks a PO file against another PO or a POT file for consistency   * msgcmp: ​  ​checks a PO file against another PO or a POT file for consistency
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 === (1) Internationalization === === (1) Internationalization ===
- +
  
    Set of shell scripts ───>​ Preparation ───>​ Marked shell scripts ───╮    Set of shell scripts ───>​ Preparation ───>​ Marked shell scripts ───╮
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 This variant of the process is shorter: This variant of the process is shorter:
-   +
   ╭─ [msgcmp] <── <​locale>​.po <── PO editor <── <​locale>​.po <── Update needed   ╭─ [msgcmp] <── <​locale>​.po <── PO editor <── <​locale>​.po <── Update needed
   │   │
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   * The translation text should include a "new line" character (or line feed, represented by "​\n"​) at the beginning or at the end, exactly as the original text does. Conversely, if the original text doesn’t have the character, then the translation shouldn’t have it.   * The translation text should include a "new line" character (or line feed, represented by "​\n"​) at the beginning or at the end, exactly as the original text does. Conversely, if the original text doesn’t have the character, then the translation shouldn’t have it.
   * A single backslash character "​\"​ is not allowed in the translation.   * A single backslash character "​\"​ is not allowed in the translation.
- 
-To "​cut"​ (or end) a line inside a "​dialog"​ box you should type \n: pressing [Enter] will '​not'​ insert a "new line" character in the text viewed by user. 
  
 To check your translation against gettext'​s requirements you could run following command: To check your translation against gettext'​s requirements you could run following command:

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