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Welcome to the Slackware Documentation Project

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En proceso de traducción. Victor

slackpkg

Slackpkg es una herramienta automatizada para administrar paquetes locales e instalar paquetes nuevos a través de una red. Hoy en día, slackpkg viene como parte de Slackware, pero si no lo tiene instalado, la última versión se puede descargar de slackpkg.org e instalar con installpkg.

Configurando

Antes de poder utilizar slackpkg, debe tener una lista actualizada de paquetes y sus versiones, y la herramienta puede descargarla automáticamente una vez que se selecciona un mirror. Para seleccionar un mirror, simplemente elimine el comentario de una sola URL en el archivo /etc/slackpkg /mirrors . Tenga en cuenta que los enlaces están ordenados por las versiones de Slackware, así que asegúrese de que el enlace seleccionado esté en el mismo lanzamiento que le interesa. Se recomienda, aunque no es obligatorio, que use el espejo “mirrors.slackware.com”. , ya que uno lo redireccionará automáticamente a su espejo geográficamente más cercano.

Entonces corre:

darkstar~# slackpkg update gpg

El siguiente paso sería actualizar la lista de paquetes con:

darkstar~# slackpkg update

Si no ha habido un cambio en la lista, se le indicará con:

No changes in ChangeLog.txt between your last update and now.
Do you really want to download all other files (y/N)?

De lo contrario, slackpkg descargará e instalará la información del paquete actual y usará esa lista.

Lista negra

slackpage tendrá en cuenta cualquier patrón de /etc/slackpkg/blacklist . Por ejemplo, los siguientes patrones harán que slackpkg ignore cualquier paquete que se haya instalado desde SBo y desde el repositorio de alienBob:

[0-9]+_SBo
[0-9]+alien

Uso

Lea esta página completa antes de usar slackpkg, especialmente la parte sobre Actualizaciones completas del sistema, si está o planea ejecutar Slackware -current.

Slackpkg usa patrones para buscar instalar y eliminar paquetes. El patrón se buscará en la lista de paquetes y se mostrará cualquier paquete que coincida con el patrón.

Búsqueda

La búsqueda de un paquete le mostrará información sobre el nombre completo del paquete, la versión y el estado instalado.

darkstar~# slackpkg search mc

Looking for mc in package list. Please wait... DONE

The list below shows all packages with name matching "mc".

[ installed ] - mcelog-1.0pre3-i486-1
[uninstalled] - pcmciautils-017-i486-1
[ installed ] - mc-4.8.1.3-i486-1
[ installed ] - libmcrypt-2.5.8-i486-1

To search a specific file and later install or remove the package that contains this file:

darkstar~# slackpkg file-search sshd

Looking for sshd in package list. Please wait... DONE

The list below shows the packages that contains "sshd" file.

[ installed ] - openssh-6.0p1-i486-2

info

To get information about a package slackpkg Info packagename will print the package's information to the screen.

install

To install a package use slackpkg install pattern. If a package was found a dialog window will present any packages that matches to the pattern and the user can un/check which packages to install.
To install everything in a branch you can type: slackpkg install branch for example slackpkg install kde will install everything under kde (but nothing from kdei).

remove

To remove a package use slackpkg remove pattern. If a package was found a dialog window will present any packages that matches to the pattern and the user can un/check which packages to remove.

upgrade

If an update is available for a certain package, it can be updated with slackpkg upgrade packagename.

reinstall

This command can be used if a package became broken and needs to be re-installed.

blacklist

This can be used to add a certain package to the blacklist. Blacklisted packages are being disregarded by slackpkg.

generate-template

If you need to re-install the entire system or install a new PC that will have similar installed packages, a user can generate a template to be installed later.

install-template

This command is used to have all the packages in a template be installed on this PC.

install-new

Running slackpkg with this argument generates a list of packages that were introduces to the Slackware recently, for example new dependencies to a package. It is advisable to run this command before updating the system if you synchronize to slackware-current.

upgrade-all

Running slackpkg with this argument will generate a list of all packages that can be upgraded with a new version. The user can un/check which packages to upgrade from a dialog list.

clean-system

Running slackpkg with this argument will generate a list of all packages that are obsolete and can be safely removed from the system. Note that non-official packages will be listed here unless blacklisted.

new-config

During installation a new configuration file might be installed and overwrite your configurations. To prevent that the file will receive a “.new” prefix and after installation slackpkg will inform the user about the existence of these files. Running slackpkg with this argument will search for the existence of these files and will ask the user for instructions.

check-updates

Running slackpkg with this argument will produce a clean printout if there are any available updates.

Full system upgrade

To perform a full system upgrade, please follow these steps (as root user):

slackpkg update
slackpkg install-new
slackpkg upgrade-all
slackpkg clean-system

It is always recommended to read the latest ChangeLogs and UPGRADING.TXT (found on the HTTP/FTP mirrors for each version) before doing any major system upgrades.

Pay attention to changed configuration files. Update them either by merging your customizations from the older configuration files (Slackpkg can optionally step through every changed configuration file and allow you to resolve the changes) or manually editing the new files after allowing Slackpkg to overwrite the old configuration files. You decide which way works best for you.

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