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Configuración de Joomla 2.5 CMS en Slackware 14.0 64bit

Este HowTo describe instrucciones simplificadas para instalar el sistema de administración de contenido Joomla 2.5 en Slackware 14.0. Para instrucciones más complejas puede que quieras leer …

  • Las condiciones de inicio están recién instaladas en Slackware 14.0 con la opción “Instalación completa”.
  • En la fase de configuración, elige iniciar automáticamente las aplicaciones “apache” (rc.httpd) y “MySQL” (rc.mysqld)

Configurar MySQL

  1. Copie /etc/mysql/my-large.cnf u otro archivo de ese directorio, que cumpla con sus requisitos, a /etc/my.cnf
  2. Edite ese /etc.my.cnf para agregar tres líneas después de [mysqld], :
    [mysqld]
    collation-server = utf8_unicode_ci
    init-connect='SET NAMES utf8'
    character-set-server = utf8
     

- Después de eso, reinicie el servidor MySQL.

  1. Hacer como root
    mysql_install_db --user=mysql 
  2. Hacer como root
     mysql_secure_installation 

    , y configure la contraseña de root de mysql (y escríbala o recuerde), y elija todas las respuestas predeterminadas

  3. despues de eso, haz
     mysql -u root -p 

    después de escribir la contraseña del usuario, estar en mysql>. escribir

     CREATE USER 'joomla_db_username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'joomla_db_user_password'; 

    , donde joomla_db_user es un usuario, a quien le asigna la información sobre quién almacena su información en mysql. joomla_db_user_paswword es su contraseña de elección para ese usuario de mysql.

  4. Escriba
     GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,CREATE,DROP,ALTER ON yourdatabasename_for_joomla.* to 'joomla_db_username'@'localhost'; 
  5. after that do
     FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

    and then

     quit
  6. and finally, do from bash
     mysqladmin -u joomla_db_username -p create yourdatabasename_for_joomla 

    es necesario que ingrese su contraseña “joomla_db_username”, que parece como “joomla_db_user_password” en esa instrucción.

  7. Eso es todo, su MySQL estará listo para instalar y configurar Joomla.

Configure Apache Webserver

  1. Open /etc/httpd/httpd.conf in a text editor such as vi or nano.
  2. Change the ServerAdmin and ServerName variables to your liking.
  3. Change the first encounter of Directive
    <Directory />
        AllowOverride none
        Require all denied
    </Directory>

    to:

    <Directory />
        Options FollowSymLinks Includes
        AllowOverride None
    </Directory>
  4. Next, edit “/etc/httpd/httpd.conf” to configure a new DocumentRoot. By default the Apache DocumentRoot is the directory “/srv/httpd/htdocs”. We will change that to the Joomla installation directory. In this example, we will install Joomla to “/srv/httpd/beautifulsite.com”.
    Search for the two directives
    DocumentRoot "/srv/httpd/htdocs"

    and

    <Directory "/srv/httpd/htdocs">

    and change both values from “/srv/httpd/htdocs” to “/srv/httpd/beautifulsite.com”.

  5. Next, look at below section:
        #
        # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
        # or any combination of:
        #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
        #
        # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
        # doesn't give it to you.
        #
        # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
        # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
        # for more information.
        #
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        
        #
        # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
        # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
        #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
        #
        AllowOverride None
        
        #
        # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
        #
        Require all granted
    </Directory>

    and change following:

    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Includes MultiViews ExecCGI
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow, deny
    Allow from All

    and comment the line “Require all granted”

  6. At the bottom of the file, change the section
    <IfModule dir_module>
        DirectoryIndex index.html
    </IfModule>

    adding “index.shtml index.php” after “index.html”.

  7. Comment out the string “AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
  8. Uncomment the php module:
    Include /etc/httpd/mod_php.conf
  9. following modules must be uncommented:
    LoadModule authn_file_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authn_file.so
    LoadModule authn_core_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authn_core.so
    LoadModule authz_host_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authz_host.so
    LoadModule authz_groupfile_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
    LoadModule authz_user_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authz_user.so
    LoadModule authz_core_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_authz_core.so
    LoadModule access_compat_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_access_compat.so
    LoadModule auth_basic_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_auth_basic.so
    LoadModule reqtimeout_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_reqtimeout.so
    LoadModule filter_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_filter.so
    LoadModule mime_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_mime.so
    LoadModule log_config_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_log_config.so
    LoadModule env_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_env.so
    LoadModule headers_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_headers.so
    LoadModule setenvif_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_setenvif.so
    LoadModule version_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_version.so
    LoadModule proxy_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy.so
    LoadModule proxy_connect_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
    LoadModule proxy_ftp_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
    LoadModule proxy_http_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_http.so
    LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
    LoadModule proxy_scgi_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
    LoadModule proxy_ajp_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
    LoadModule proxy_express_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_express.so
    LoadModule lbmethod_byrequests_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_lbmethod_byrequests.so
    LoadModule lbmethod_bytraffic_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_lbmethod_bytraffic.so
    LoadModule lbmethod_bybusyness_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_lbmethod_bybusyness.so
    LoadModule mpm_event_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_mpm_event.so
    LoadModule unixd_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_unixd.so
    LoadModule status_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_status.so
    LoadModule autoindex_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_autoindex.so
    ##openwebmail!
    LoadModule cgi_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_cgi.so
    LoadModule dir_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_dir.so
    LoadModule alias_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_alias.so
    ### joomla mod_rewrite!
    Loadmodule rewrite_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_rewrite.so
    #for gzip compression, joomla!
    LoadModule deflate_module lib64/httpd/modules/mod_deflate.so

and save the file.

  1. Next, edit the file “/etc/httpd/php.ini
  2. Search for string
    output_buffering = 4096 

    and change them to

    output_buffering = Off 
  3. Save the file, and finally restart the webserver:
    root@darkstar:~# /etc/rc.d/rc.httpd restart
In the “CustomLog” section of /etc/httopd/httpd.conf, if you plan to use webalizer, comment “CustomLog ….. common” and uncomment “CustomLog …. combined” strings
In /etc/httpd/httpd.conf, you can comment out the VirtualHost configuration, if you intend run many webservers on your host. If not, leave it, as it is.
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

Set Up Joomla 2.5

  1. Download a Joomla tarball at http://www.joomla.org/download.html, choose the “Full package, Zip” archive.
  2. We install Joomla as the Apache Webserver's DocumentRoot, which we configured as “/srv/httpd/beautifulsite.com” in the previous section. Create a new directory called “beautifulsite.com” under “/srv/httpd/”. We will end up with the new directory “/srv/httpd/htdocs/beautifulsite.com” which will be used by Apache as the DocumentRoot.
  3. Uncompress the joomla zip-file into that directory:
    root@darkstar:~# unzip Joomla_2.5.9-Stable-Full_Package.zip -d /srv/httpd/htdocs/beautifulsite.com
  4. As root, change the file ownership to the Apache user:
    root@darkstar:~# chown -R apache:apache /srv/httpd/beautifulsite.com
  5. The initial Joomla configuration is done in a web browser (preferably from another computer workstation). Enter our “http://beautifulserver.comURL in the browser's addressbar. This will start start the web-based configuration of our newly installed Joomla CMS. When you get to the database configuration, the better choice is “mysqli”. Input is also required for the Joomla database username and password. The rest of the configuration is straight-forward.
  6. After that, if you want to use SEO-friendly settings ( URL rewriting), then rename htaccess.txt in your root of current joomla catalog to .htaccess .

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