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slackware:faq [2012/09/10 15:03 (UTC)]
alienbob [What are the different versions?] Current means development, folks!
slackware:faq [2013/12/09 09:17 (UTC)]
alienbob Add URL, some formatting.
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 If the answer is too long to fit comfortably into two or three paragraphs, consider adding a link in the answer to an existing page that answers the question or create a new page if one doesn'​t exist on the topic and the question is important enough to justify a page. If the answer is too long to fit comfortably into two or three paragraphs, consider adding a link in the answer to an existing page that answers the question or create a new page if one doesn'​t exist on the topic and the question is important enough to justify a page.
 +
  
 ===== General Slackware ===== ===== General Slackware =====
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 Present contributors include [[wiki:​user:​alienbob|Eric Hameleers]] (aka AlienBOB), Robby Workman (aka rworkman), Stuart Winter (aka MoZes), Eric Jan Tromp (aka alphageek), Alan Hicks, Mark Post, Fred Emmott, Vincent Batts, Heinz Wiesinger (aka pprkut) and several more. Present contributors include [[wiki:​user:​alienbob|Eric Hameleers]] (aka AlienBOB), Robby Workman (aka rworkman), Stuart Winter (aka MoZes), Eric Jan Tromp (aka alphageek), Alan Hicks, Mark Post, Fred Emmott, Vincent Batts, Heinz Wiesinger (aka pprkut) and several more.
 +
 ==== What is this talk about stable and current versions? ==== ==== What is this talk about stable and current versions? ====
  
 Slackware basically comes in two flavors: stable and "​current"​. Slackware basically comes in two flavors: stable and "​current"​.
  
-Stable versions are the numbered releases (12, 12.1, 13, 13.37 etc.). They are supported for a number of years after release, by way of security updates. Security updates are added to the the "''/​patches/​packages/''"​ subdirectory of a Slackware release tree on every public mirror. Functional updates are not added to past releases.+Stable versions are the numbered releases (12, 12.1, 13, 13.37, 14.0, 14.1 etc.). They are supported for a number of years after release, by way of security updates. Security updates are added to the the "''/​patches/​packages/''"​ subdirectory of a Slackware release tree on every public mirror. Functional updates are not added to past releases.
  
-The "​current"​ branch on the other hand, is a //​development tree// which is always split-off from a recently released stable Slackware directory tree. Usually this split-off happens some weeks after the stable release. \\ It marks the start of a new development cycle towards the next stable release. At the end of a development cycle, a Slackware release is created by renaming the top-level "//​slackware-current//"​ directory to "//​slackware-NEWVERSION//"​. Slackware-current is known to cause relatively frequent and potentially disruptive updates to the system. New users and users looking for a stable system for production use should //always// use a (fairly recent) stable release. The Slackware developers assume that anyone running slackware-current realizes that he/she is in essence, //a beta tester//.+The "​current"​ branch on the other hand, is a //​development tree// which is always split-off from a recently released stable Slackware directory tree. Usually this split-off happens some weeks after the stable release. \\ It marks the start of a new development cycle towards the //next// stable release. At the end of a development cycle, a Slackware release is created by renaming the top-level "//​slackware-current//"​ directory to "//​slackware-NEWVERSION//"​. Slackware-current is known to cause relatively frequent and potentially disruptive updates to the system. New users and users looking for a stable system for production use should //always// use a (fairly recent) stable release. The Slackware developers assume that anyone running slackware-current realizes that he/she is in essence, //a beta tester//.
  
 To sum it up: To sum it up:
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   * //Current// is the testing ground for the upcoming release. The software you will find there will often be [[wp>​Upstream_%28software_development%29|upstream]]'​s latest version. For more information on current, please visit the [[slackware:​current|dedicated page]].   * //Current// is the testing ground for the upcoming release. The software you will find there will often be [[wp>​Upstream_%28software_development%29|upstream]]'​s latest version. For more information on current, please visit the [[slackware:​current|dedicated page]].
  
-If you want to know when the next version will be released (at time of writing the most recent stable release is 13.37), it will be ready... when it's ready! There are no fixed release dates, as the Slackware goal is to deliver the most stable Linux experience.+If you want to know when the next version will be released (at time of writing the most recent stable release is 14.1), it will be ready... when it's ready! There are no fixed release dates, as the Slackware goal is to deliver the most stable Linux experience. 
  
 ===== Installation and Support ===== ===== Installation and Support =====
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 </​code>​ </​code>​
 This message (''​gpg:​ Good signature''​) means that the ISO file is the same file which was cryptographically signed by Patrick Volkerding. This message (''​gpg:​ Good signature''​) means that the ISO file is the same file which was cryptographically signed by Patrick Volkerding.
 +
  
 ==== How do I install Slackware Linux? ==== ==== How do I install Slackware Linux? ====
  
 Read the [[slackware:​install|installation guide]]. Read the [[slackware:​install|installation guide]].
 +
 +==== During network installation I only see the "​A"​ package series ====
 +
 +You are attempting an installation of Slackware from a HTTP or FTP server. After entering the server'​s hostname and the Slackware package directory, you see the usual messages like "''​INITIALIZING PACKAGE TREE''",​ but then during the "''​PACKAGE SERIES SELECTION''",​ you can only select "''​A - BASE LINUX SYSTEM''"​. Where are all the other package series?
 +
 +You will experience this scenario when you are using a **32-bit** bootable installer image to install a **64-bit** Slackware from a webserver, or //vice versa// ((the other way round)): you attempt an installation of **32-bit** Slackware using a **64-bit** installation image.
 +
 +Solution: use the same architecture for the installer image and for the architecture of the Slackware release that you want to install from a webserver.
 +
 +==== The package installation took 3 seconds and now what? ====
 +
 +Installing more than 1000 packages should take between 10 and 45 minutes, depending on the computer you are installing them on. If the installer claims it is finished after only a few seconds, that means it did in fact not install anything at all. So what happened here? \\ This kind of issue occurs when you are not installing from the DVD or CD you booted from, but selected one of the alternative installation methods: a pre-mounted directory, or a loop-mounted ISO, //​etcetera//​. In all those cases, you have to enter a directory path to the location where the subdirectories representing the Slackware package sets can be found (the '​a',​ '​ap',​ '​d',​ ..., '​y'​ directories). \\ If you enter the wrong directory there, then the installer will not complain about your error. It will pretend that it installs packages when in fact it is not. Look at this message closely: \\ {{ :​slackware:​inshd.png |}}
  
 ==== How do I upgrade an existing Slackware Linux installation without re-installing?​ ==== ==== How do I upgrade an existing Slackware Linux installation without re-installing?​ ====
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   * For webcams, and USB video class devices, [[http://​www.ideasonboard.org/​uvc/​|Linux UVC drivers & tools]] can help.   * For webcams, and USB video class devices, [[http://​www.ideasonboard.org/​uvc/​|Linux UVC drivers & tools]] can help.
   * Linux supports several models of Wacom pen tablets and devices. See the [[http://​sourceforge.net/​apps/​mediawiki/​linuxwacom/​index.php?​title=Main_Page|linuxwacom]] project for more information. Many non-wacom tablets are supported by the [[https://​launchpad.net/​wizardpen|Wizardpen]] driver.   * Linux supports several models of Wacom pen tablets and devices. See the [[http://​sourceforge.net/​apps/​mediawiki/​linuxwacom/​index.php?​title=Main_Page|linuxwacom]] project for more information. Many non-wacom tablets are supported by the [[https://​launchpad.net/​wizardpen|Wizardpen]] driver.
 +
  
 ===== Software and Package Management ===== ===== Software and Package Management =====
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 ==== How do I install/​upgrade/​remove software in Slackware Linux? ==== ==== How do I install/​upgrade/​remove software in Slackware Linux? ====
  
-Slackware Linux comes with its own package management tools, namely ''​pkgtool'',​ ''​installpkg'',​ ''​upgradepkg''​ and ''​removepkg''​ for installing, upgrading and removing software packages. ''​makepkg''​ can be used to create packages. See also [[slackware:​slackpkg]] and the page on [[howtos:​how_to_use_slackware_installing_software|installing software]].+Slackware Linux comes with its own package management tools, namely ''​pkgtool'',​ ''​installpkg'',​ ''​upgradepkg''​ and ''​removepkg''​ for installing, upgrading and removing software packages. ''​makepkg''​ can be used to create packages. See also [[slackware:​slackpkg]] and the page on [[howtos:​slackware_admin:​how_to_use_slackware_installing_software|installing software]].
 ==== Why doesn'​t Slackware Linux have my favourite "​XYZ"​ software included in the CD/DVD? ==== ==== Why doesn'​t Slackware Linux have my favourite "​XYZ"​ software included in the CD/DVD? ====
  
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 [[http://​www.salixos.org/​|Salix OS]] is a Slackware derived distribution that incorporates dependency handling. [[http://​www.salixos.org/​|Salix OS]] is a Slackware derived distribution that incorporates dependency handling.
 +
 ==== Distro X and Y does package management with dependency handling and... ==== ==== Distro X and Y does package management with dependency handling and... ====
  
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 Some may call it a bug, others may call it a feature. Be it so, Slackware remains committed to its core principles and this issue is one aspect of its core principles. Some may call it a bug, others may call it a feature. Be it so, Slackware remains committed to its core principles and this issue is one aspect of its core principles.
 +
 +
 ===== Miscellaneous ===== ===== Miscellaneous =====
  
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 Also, Slackware runs a bunch of X/GTK related scripts at startup for multiuser runlevels (''​fc-cache'',​ ''​update-mime-database'',​ ''​gtk-update-icon-cache'',​ ''​update-gtk-immodules'',​ ''​update-gdk-pixbuf-loaders''​ , ''​update-pango-querymodules''​ etc.). These may be disabled manually by commenting out those lines which refer to them in the file ''/​etc/​rc.M''​ but don't disable anything unless you're absolutely sure you know what you are doing! These scripts are essential for GTK applications to render fonts and icons properly. Also, Slackware runs a bunch of X/GTK related scripts at startup for multiuser runlevels (''​fc-cache'',​ ''​update-mime-database'',​ ''​gtk-update-icon-cache'',​ ''​update-gtk-immodules'',​ ''​update-gdk-pixbuf-loaders''​ , ''​update-pango-querymodules''​ etc.). These may be disabled manually by commenting out those lines which refer to them in the file ''/​etc/​rc.M''​ but don't disable anything unless you're absolutely sure you know what you are doing! These scripts are essential for GTK applications to render fonts and icons properly.
 <note warning>​Unless you are a fairly advanced user and know what you are doing, do not attempt to modify or disable any of the boot scripts. Does a few extra seconds gained while booting really make a big difference?</​note>​ <note warning>​Unless you are a fairly advanced user and know what you are doing, do not attempt to modify or disable any of the boot scripts. Does a few extra seconds gained while booting really make a big difference?</​note>​
 +
 ==== Slackware Linux has a reputation for being tough for newbies. Is this true? ==== ==== Slackware Linux has a reputation for being tough for newbies. Is this true? ====
  
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   * Slackware has a text-menu based (ncurses) installer and requires several technical decisions to be made at install-time,​ some of which can be potentially destructive to the data on the hard disk. In other words, when in doubt, don't perform any potentially destructive actions and //do// consult the help documentation.   * Slackware has a text-menu based (ncurses) installer and requires several technical decisions to be made at install-time,​ some of which can be potentially destructive to the data on the hard disk. In other words, when in doubt, don't perform any potentially destructive actions and //do// consult the help documentation.
-  * A new Slackware installation initially boots into a text console by default and can be configured to boot into a GUI later, as opposed to desktop-based distributions that boot into a GUI login screen by default.+  * A new Slackware installation initially boots into a text console by default and can be [[http://​docs.slackware.com/​slackware:​install?&#​configuring_graphical_logins|configured to boot into a GUI]] later, as opposed to desktop-based distributions that boot into a GUI login screen by default.
   * Basic knowledge of standard shell (bash) commands and a text-mode editor such as vim is necessary to start using Slackware comfortably.   * Basic knowledge of standard shell (bash) commands and a text-mode editor such as vim is necessary to start using Slackware comfortably.
   * Some knowledge of the locations of commonly used configuration files and scripts found in *nix-like systems would make things much more comfortable.   * Some knowledge of the locations of commonly used configuration files and scripts found in *nix-like systems would make things much more comfortable.

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