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slackware:desktop_environment [2012/08/21 12:16 (UTC)]
kookiemonster created
slackware:desktop_environment [2013/05/29 11:47 (UTC)] (current)
alienbob [Other environments] Added MATE Desktop; more info about GNOME and LXDE
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 ====== Desktop environment ====== ====== Desktop environment ======
  
-A desktop environment is a graphical layer between the user and the computer. It enables the user through mouse and keyboard interaction to access the underlying features of the operating systems. A full desktop environment (as opposed to a [[slackware:​window manager|window manager]]) usually provides a set of software for the most common needs (file access, web browsing, printing...).+A desktop environment is a graphical layer between the user and the computer. In the UNIX context, a desktop manager is a graphical environment that runs inside an X session. It enables the user through mouse and keyboard interaction to access the underlying features of the operating systems. A full desktop environment (as opposed to a [[slackware:​window manager|window manager]]) usually provides a set of software for the most common needs (file access, web browsing, printing...).
  
 +A desktop environment usually consists of many of the following components:
 +  * A native window manager to manage window placement and arrangements (some desktop environments may additionally be able to use third party Window Managers).
 +  * A session manager (to save and restore user's sessions).
 +  * A desktop manager (to manage the user's desktop, i.e. background, icons, multiple workspaces etc.)
 +  * A panel with menus for launching applications and additional widgets including notifications and messages.
 +  * A file browser. ​
 +  * A task manager to manage running applications and background tasks.
 +  * At least one basic graphical text editor (if not more).
 +  * Desktop configuration GUIs, including colours, themes, fonts etc.
 +  * Common utilities such as a terminal emulator, internet browser, power manager, bluetooth manager, network manager, clipboard handler and so on.
 +  * System administration GUIs for common admin tasks such as printer configuration,​ removable device auto-mount setup, file associations etc.
 +  * Several commonly desktop applications including media player, movie player, document viewer, graphics viewer etc.
 +
 +In addition, Desktop Environments usually provide integration with features such as display and ACPI power management, useful for notebooks/​laptops. Modern Desktop Environments also provide or integrate with a desktop compositing engine which allows for graphical special effects such as 3D flipping of workspaces, window translucency,​ simple animations and shadows, but this requires 3D hardware acceleration enabled and can consume additional system resources. ​
 ===== Available environments ===== ===== Available environments =====
 +Desktop environments available in Slackware can be classed as full or light-weight environments depending on the number of features they include. The more features an environment has, the more complete it is but also the more computer resources it uses. Light-weight environments come with a smaller set of features, usually just a unified look and feel, so you will need independent applications. For example a video player is not included like it is in [[slackware:​kde|KDE]],​ but you can use xmms which is installed by default with Slackware.
 +
 +Switching between available environments is done by running ''​xwmconfig''​ from a terminal prior to starting X.
 +
 +==== Full environments ====
 +
   * [[slackware:​kde|KDE]]:​ the K Desktop Environment.   * [[slackware:​kde|KDE]]:​ the K Desktop Environment.
-  * [[slackware:​xfce|XFCE]]:​ a lightweight ​environment based on the GTK toolkit.+  * [[slackware:​xfce|XFCE]]:​ a full environment ​that is much more lightweight on the computer resources, ​based on the GTK toolkit. 
 + 
 +==== Light-weight environments ==== 
 + 
 +  * FluxBox 
 +  * BlackBox 
 +  * WindowMaker 
 +  * fvwm2 
 +  * twm
  
 ===== Other environments ===== ===== Other environments =====
-  * [[slackware:​gnome|GNOME]]:​ since version [[ftp://​ftp.slackware.com/​pub/​slackware/​slackware-10.2/​ChangeLog.txt|10.2]],​ Gnome is no longer part of Slackware. Several community driven projects provide packages for those willing to use Gnome in Slackware. +  * [[http://gnome.org/|GNOME]]: since version [[ftp://​ftp.slackware.com/​pub/​slackware/​slackware-10.2/​ChangeLog.txt|10.2]],​ Gnome is no longer part of Slackware. Several community driven projects provide packages for those willing to use Gnome in Slackware
-  * [[slackware:​lxde|LXDE]].+    * [[http://​gnomeslackbuild.org/|GSB: GNOME SlackBuild]] 
 +    * [[http://​www.droplinegnome.net/​|dropline GNOME desktop]] 
 +  * [[http://​mate-desktop.org/​|MATE]]:​ a full lightweight environment,​ based on the GNOME 2 libraries. The [[http://​mateslackbuilds.github.com|MATE SlackBuilds]] project has packages available from [[http://​www.slackware.org.uk/​msb/​|http://​www.slackware.org.uk/​msb/​]]. 
 +  * [[http://lxde.org/|LXDE]]. ​The [[http://​lxde.org/​|Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment]] is a good alternative for low-end hardware where KDE is too sluggish. See this [[http://​slackware.ponce.cc/​blog/​2010/​08/​23/​easily-build-yourself-lxde-with-sbopkg/​|blog post by ponce]] for instructions on compiling and installing LXDE on Slackware. 
 + 
 +=====Sources===== 
 + 
 +  * Originally written by [[wiki:​user:​kookiemonster|kookiemonster]] for the SlackDocs Wiki Project 
 +  * Additional inputs by [[wiki:​user:​harishankar|harishankar]] and [[wiki:​user:​cmyster|cmyster]]

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