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slackbook:install [2012/09/06 02:03 (UTC)]
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sycamorex [Sources] Bullet Points
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-After pressing <​key>​ENTER</​key>​+After pressing <key>'ENTER'</​key>​
 you should see a lot of text go flying across your screen. Don't be you should see a lot of text go flying across your screen. Don't be
 alarmed, this is all perfectly normal. The text you see is generated by alarmed, this is all perfectly normal. The text you see is generated by
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-Entering <​key>​1</​key>​ and pressing <​key>​ENTER</​key>​ will+Entering <key>'1'</​key>​ and pressing <key>'ENTER'</​key>​ will
 give you a list of keyboard mappings. Simply select the mapping that give you a list of keyboard mappings. Simply select the mapping that
 matches your keyboard type and continue on. matches your keyboard type and continue on.
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 ==== Configure ==== ==== Configure ====
  
-Once all the packages are installed you're nearly finished. At this stage, Slackware will prompt you with a variety of configuration tasks for your new operating system. Many of these are optional, but most users will need to set something up here. Depending on the packages you've installed, you may be offered different configuration options than the ones shown here, but we've included all the really important ones.+Once all the packages are installed you're nearly finished. At this 
 +stage, Slackware will prompt you with a variety of configuration 
 +tasks for your new operating system. Many of these are optional, but 
 +most users will need to set something up here. Depending on the  
 +packages you've installed, you may be offered different configuration 
 +options than the ones shown here, but we've included all the really 
 +important ones.
  
-The first thing you'll likely be prompted to do is setup a boot disk. In the past this was typically a 1.44MB floppy disk, but today'​s Linux kernel is far too larger to fit on a single floppy, so Slackware offers to create a bootable USB flash memory stick. Of course, your computer must support booting from USB in order to use a USB boot stick (most modern computers do). If you do not intend to use LILO or another traditional boot loader, you should consider making a USB boot stick. Please note that doing so will erase the contents of whatever memory stick you're using, so be careful. ​ 
  
-{{ :​slackware:​usb_boot_stick_cl.png?nolink |}}+The first thing you'll likely be prompted to do is setup a boot disk. 
 +In the past this was typically a 1.44MB floppy disk, but today'​s 
 +Linux kernel is far too large to fit on a single floppy, so 
 +Slackware offers to create a bootable USB flash memory stick. Of 
 +course, your computer must support booting from USB in order to use 
 +a USB boot stick (most modern computers do). If you do not intend to 
 +use LILO or another traditional boot loader, you should consider 
 +making a USB boot stick. Please note that doing so will erase the  
 +contents of whatever memory stick you're using, so be careful.
  
-Nearly everyone will need to setup the LInux LOader, LILO. LILO is in charge of booting the Linux kernel and connecting to an initrd or the root filesystem. Without it (or some other boot loader), your new Slackware operating system will not boot. Slackware offers a few options here. The "​simple"​ method attempts to automatically configure LILO for your computer, and works well with very simple systems. If Slackware is the only operating system on your computer, it should configure and install LILO for you without any hassle. If you don't trust the simpler method to work, or if you want to take an in-depth look at how to configure LILO, the "​expert"​ method is really not all that complicated. This method will take you through each step and offer to setup dual-boot for Windows and other Linux operating systems. It also allows you to append kernel command parameters (most users will not need to specify any though). 
  
-LILO is a very important part of your Slackware system, so an entire section of the next chapter is devoted to it. If you're having difficulty configuring LILO at this stage, you may want to skip ahead and read Chapter 3 first, then return here+{{ :​slackbook:​usb-boot-stick.png?​nolink&​550 |Configure}}
  
-{{ :​slackware:​setup_lilo_cl.png?nolink |}}+Nearly everyone will need to setup the LInux LOader, LILO. LILO is 
 +in charge of booting the Linux kernel and connecting to an initrd or 
 +the root filesystem. Without it (or some other boot loader), your new 
 +Slackware operating system will not boot. Slackware offers a few 
 +options here. The //"​simple"//​ method attempts to automatically configure 
 +LILO for your computer, and works well with very simple systems. If  
 +Slackware is the only operating system on your computer, it should 
 +configure and install LILO for you without any hassels. If you don'​t 
 +trust the simpler method to work, or if you want to take an in-depth 
 +look at how to configure LILO, the //"​expert"//​ method is really not all 
 +that complicated. This method will take you through each step and 
 +offer to setup dual-boot for Windows and other Linux operating 
 +systems. It also allows you to append kernel command parameters (most 
 +users will not need to specify any though).
  
-This simple step allows you to configure and activate a console mouse for use outside of the graphical desktops. By activating a console mouse, you'll be able to easily copy and paste from within the Slackware terminal. Most users will need to choose one of the first three options, but many are offered, and yes those ancient two-button serial mice do work.  
  
-The next stage in configuring your install ​is the network configuration. If you don't wish to configure your network ​at this stage, you may decline, but otherwise you'll be prompted ​to provide a hostname for your computer. Do not enter a domain nameonly the hostname.+LILO is a very important part of your Slackware system, so an entire 
 +section of the next chapter ​is devoted to it. If you're having 
 +difficulty configuring LILO at this stage, you may want to skip ahead 
 +and read Chapter 3 firstthen return here.
  
-The following screen will prompt you for a domainname, such as example.org. The combination of the hostname and the domainname can be used to navigate between computers in your network if you use an internal DNS service or maintain your /etc/hosts file. 
  
-You have three options when setting your IP address; you may assign it a static IP, or you may use DHCP, or you may configure a loopback connection. The simplest option, and probably the most common for laptops or computers on a basic network, is to let a DHCP server assign IP addresses dynamically. In practice, this often results in a consistent address since both dhcpcd and dhclient initially request the same address previously assigned. If the address is unavailable then the machine gets a new one, but on small networks this may never happen.+{{ :​slackbook:​setup-lilo.png?​nolink&​550 |lilo}}
  
-If the DHCP server on your network requires ​specific DHCP hostname before ​you're permitted ​to connectYou can enter this on the Set DHCP Hostname screen.+This simple step allows you to configure and activate a console mouse 
 +for use outside of the graphical desktops. By activating ​console 
 +mouse, ​you'll be able to easily copy and paste from within the 
 +Slackware terminalMost users will need to choose one of the first 
 +three options, but many are offered, and yes those ancient two-button 
 +serial mice do work.
  
-To use a static IP address, you must provide: ​ 
  
-**Static IP Address**+{{ :​slackbook:​setup-mouse.png?​nolink&​550 |mouse}}
  
-  * IP Address: the address of your computer, such as ''​192.168.1.1''​ (for IPv4). Also, you should verify that no DHCP server on your network ​is set to assign that same address out as a part of its DHCP pool, or you may encounter address conflicts.  +The next stage in configuring ​your install ​is the network 
-  * Netmask: ​the subnet mask for your network; often ''​255.255.255.0'' for small networks.  +configurationIf you don't wish to configure ​your network ​at this 
-  * Gateway Address: the address of the gateway server providing internet access ​to your network. On small networksthis will probably be provided by your ISP while on larger networks ​you may use an internal server which handles the traffic. In other wordsthis may be an internal address like ''​192.168.1.1''​ or it might be an address provided by your ISP, such as ''​75.146.49.79'​'  +stage, you may declinebut otherwise you'll be prompted to 
-  * Nameserver: most likely, you'​ll ​want to utilize DNS; in this initial setupprovide your primary domain name server. Edit /​etc/​resolv.conf to add secondary and tertiary servers later+provide a hostname for your computerIf you're unsure what to do 
 +here, you might want to read through [[slackbook:​network|Networking|Chapter 14Networking]] 
 +first.
  
-The final screen during static IP address configuration is a confirmation screen, where you're permitted to accept your choices, edit them, or even restart the IP address configuration in case you decide to use DHCP instead. 
  
-Your network configuration is now complete. ​The next screen prompts ​you to configure the startup services that you wish to run automatically upon bootRead the descriptions that appear both to the right of the service name as well as at the bottom of the screen ​in order to decide whether that service ​should be turned on by default. These can always be modified later with pkgtool > Setup > Services.+The following screens will prompt ​you first for a hostname, then 
 +for a domainname, such as 
 +example.org. The combination ​of the hostname and the domainname 
 +can be used to navigate between computers ​in your network if you 
 +use an internal DNS service ​or maintain your 
 +''/​etc/​hosts''​ file. If you skip setting 
 +up your network, Slackware will name your computer //"​darkstar"//​ after 
 +a song by the Grateful Dead.
  
-As the startup services window warns, you should only turn on the startup services that you actually intend to use. This not only decreases boot time but makes for a more secure system. 
  
-Every computer needs to keep track of the current timeand with so many timezones how does Slackware ​know which one to use? Well, you have to tell it which one to use, and that's why this step is here. If your computer'​s hardware clock is set to UTC (Coordinated Universal Time), ​you'll need to select that; most hardware clocks are not set to UTC from the factory (though you could set it that way on your own; Slackware doesn'​t care). Then simply select your timezone from the list provided and off you go+You have three options when setting your IP address; you may 
 +assign it a static IP, use DHCP, or configure a 
 +loopback connection. The simplest option, and probably ​the most 
 +common for laptops or computers on a basic networkis to let a 
 +DHCP server assign IP addresses dynamically. Unless you are 
 +installing ​Slackware ​for use as a network server, you probably 
 +do not need to setup a static IP address. If you're not sure which 
 +of these options ​to choose, pick DHCP.
  
-If you installed the X disk set, you'll be prompted to select a default window manager or desktop environment. What you select here will apply to every user on your computer, unless that user decides to run ''​xwmconfig(1)''​ and choose a different one. Don't be alarmed if the options you see below do not match the ones Slackware offers you. xwmconfig only offers choices that you installed. So for example, if you elected to skip the "​KDE"​ disk set, KDE will not be offered. ​ 
  
-{{ :​slackware:​setup_xwmconfig_cl.png?nolink |}}+Rarely DHCP servers requires you specify a DHCP 
 +hostname before you're permitted to connect. You can enter this on 
 +the Set DHCP Hostname screen. This is almost always be the same 
 +hostname you entered earlier.
  
- The last configuration step is setting a root password. The root user is the "super user" on Slackware and all other UNIX-like operating systems. Think of root as the Administrator user. root knows all, sees all, and can do all, so setting a strong root password is just common sense. 
  
-With this last step complete, ​you can now exit the Slackware installer and reboot with good old **CTRL + ALT + DELETE**. Remove the Slackware ​installation disk, and if you performed all the steps correctlyyour computer will boot into your new Slackware linux system. If something went wrongyou probably skipped the LILO configuration step or made an error there somehowThankfully, the next chapter should help you sort that out. +If you choose to set static IP address, ​Slackware ​will ask you to 
-===== Post Installation =====+enter it along with the netmaskgateway IP addressand what 
 +nameserver to use.
  
-When you have rebooted into your new Slackware installation,​ the very first step you should take is to create a user. By default, the only user that exists after the install is the root user, and it's dangerous to use your computer as root, given that there are no restrictions as to what that user can do. 
  
-The quickest and easiest way to create ​normal user for yourself is to log in as root with the root password that you created at the end of the intallation processand then issue the `adduser` command. This will interactively assist ​you in creating a user; see the section called [[slackbook:​users|Managing Users and Groups]] for more information.+The final screen during static IP address configuration is a 
 +confirmation screen, where you're permitted ​to accept your 
 +choicesedit them, or even restart ​the IP address configuration 
 +in case you decide to use DHCP instead.
  
-Another important step is to make sure that your installation is up-to-date as new updates are being released that can include security fixes. To do that we can use the [[slackware:​slackpkg|slackpkg]] tool to update the list of packages and install new updates with it. 
  
-One last thing - there will be mail in the root user's mailbox filled with useful information about package management, ​as well as system configuration and maintenance. You should check it with your favorite mail client. If you have not used any of the included mail clients, alpine is a good suggestion ​to get started ​quickly and easily.+Once your network configuration is completed Slackware ​will 
 +prompt you to configure ​the startup services that you wish to run 
 +automatically upon boot. Helpful descriptions of each service appear 
 +both to the right of the service name as well as at the bottom of the 
 +screen. If you'​re ​not sure what to turn on, you can safely leave the 
 +defaults in place. What services are started ​at boot time can be 
 +easily ​modified later with **//​pkgtool//​**.
  
-=== Configuring Graphical Logins === 
-Once your system is up to date and you have created your first user, you may want to configure your system to boot into X by default, with a graphical login instead of a console login. ​ You can first test that X auto-detects your video correctly by issuing the `startx` command. ​ If X11 starts and you end up at a desktop, you're probably good to go.  Open the /​etc/​inittab file, as root, in your editor of choice. ​ Change the following line: 
  
-  # Default runlevel. (Do not set to 0 or 6+Every computer needs to keep track of the current time, and with so 
-  ​id:​3:​initdefault:​ +many timezones around the world you 
-   +have to tell Slackware which one to use. 
-To be this:+If your computer'​s hardware clock is set to UTC (Coordinated 
 +Universal Time), you'll need to select that; most hardware clocks are 
 +not set to UTC from the factory (though you could set it that way on 
 +your own; Slackware doesn'​t care). Then simply select your timezone 
 +from the list provided and off you go.
  
-  # Default runlevel. (Do not set to 0 or 6) 
-  id:​4:​initdefault:​ 
  
-This sets your default run-level to 4, which is Slackware'​s "​graphics-only"​ mode (with one extra tty open just in case, on vty 6).  Save, and on your next reboot the system will boot into a nice graphical login.+{{ :​slackbook:​setup-timezone.png?​nolink&​550 |timezone}}
  
-You can manually enter run-level 4 by enteringas root`init 4`.+If you installed the X disk set, you'll be prompted to select a 
 +default window manager or desktop environment. What you select 
 +here will apply to every user on your computer, unless that user 
 +decides to run **//​xwmconfig//​**(1) and choose 
 +a different one. Don't be alarmed if the options you see below do 
 +not match the ones Slackware offers you.  
 +**//​xwmconfig//​** only offers choices that you 
 +installed. So for exampleif you elected to skip the //"​KDE"//​ disk set, 
 +KDE will not be offered.
  
-To select or switch between available [[slackware:​desktop_environment|desktop environments]] run ''​xwmconfig''​ as root. 
-===== References ===== 
  
-  * Original sourcehttp://slackbook.org/​beta/#​ch_install (authors: Alan Hicks, Chris Lumens, David Cantrell, Logan Johnson)+{{ :slackbook:setup-xwmconfig.png?​nolink&​550 |xwmconfig}}
  
-===== External links =====+The last configuration step is setting a root password. The root 
 +user is the //"​super user"//​ on Slackware and all other UNIX-like 
 +operating systems. Think of root as the Administrator user. root 
 +knows all, sees all, and can do all, so setting a strong root 
 +password is just common sense.
  
-  * [[ftp://​ftp.slackware.com/​pub/​slackware-iso/​ | Slackware ISO files]] 
-  * [[http://​slackware.com/​getslack/​torrents.php | Slackware TORRENT files]] 
  
-==== Slackware ​13.37: ​distribution to (re)discover (in French) ====+With this last step complete, you can now exit the Slackware 
 +installer and reboot with good old <​key>'​CTRL'</​key>​ + 
 +<​key>'​ALT'</​key>​ + <​key>'​DELETE'</​key>​. Remove the  
 +Slackware installation disk, and if you performed all the steps 
 +correctly, your computer will boot into your new Slackware 
 +linux system. If something went wrong, you probably skipped the 
 +LILO configuration step or made an error there somehow. Thankfully,​ 
 +the next chapter should help you sort that out.
  
-This is a series of four detailed articles about Slackware, written by Kiki Novak for the french magazine //Planète Linux// (issues 67, 68, 69 and 70, November 2011 - May 2012). ​ 
  
-**Author'​s note**: I do own the rights for these articles, so I've decided to link to them here. Feel free to cannibalize them as you wishe. g. include parts of them - or the articles as whole - in this wiki, change them as you feel inclined, quote them extensively,​ and translate bits of them or the whole seriesTo help you do thisI've included all the original files that were used in the making of these articles: original text in ODT format ​as well as all the screenshots in PNG format. Check out the links below the list.+When you have rebooted into your new Slackware installation, the 
 +very first step you should take is to create ​userBy 
 +default, the only user that exists after the install is the root 
 +user, and it's dangerous to use your computer ​as root, given that 
 +there are no restrictions ​as to what that user can do.
  
-  * [[http://​microlinux.fr/​articles/​slackware1.pdf | Slackware 13.37: a distribution to (re)discover (Part 1, PDF 2.5 MB, in French)]] ​ 
-    * History of Slackware 
-    * A few good reasons to choose Slackware 
-    * A few good reasons not to choose Slackware 
-    * It's not a bug, it's a feature! 
-    * How to get Slackware 
-    * Slackware-specific documentation 
-  * [[http://​microlinux.fr/​articles/​slackware2.pdf | Slackware 13.37: a distribution to (re)discover (Part 2, PDF 3.1 MB, in French)]] ​ 
-    * Choose your boot parameters 
-    * Select your keyboard layout 
-    * Partition your hard disk 
-    * Format your partitions 
-    * Decide what you want to install 
-    * Configure and install the bootloader 
-    * Your mouse in console mode 
-    * Networking and services 
-    * Which font for the console? 
-    * System clock and timezone 
-    * Which graphical environment?​ 
-    * A password for root 
-    * Finish the installation and reboot 
-    * What now? 
-  * [[http://​microlinux.fr/​articles/​slackware3.pdf | Slackware 13.37: a distribution to (re)discover (Part 3, PDF 2.5 MB, in French)]] ​ 
-    * Create an initrd and use the generic kernel 
-    * Fine-tune the LILO bootloader 
-    * Configure the network 
-    * Add one or more users 
-    * Configure the sound 
-  * [[http://​microlinux.fr/​articles/​slackware4.pdf | Slackware 13.37: a distribution to (re)discover (Part 4, PDF 3.4 MB, in French)]] ​ 
-    * Traditional Slackware package management 
-    * Manage official Slackware packages using slackpkg 
-    * Help! I can't find a package I need! 
-    * Building a package using a SlackBuild script from SlackBuilds.org 
-    * Manage SlackBuilds comfortably using sbopkg 
-    * Configure the graphical server X.org 
-    * Select your graphical environment 
-    * Slackware in French ​ 
  
-Original files (ODT manuscriptscreenshots,​ etc.):+The quickest and easiest way to create a normal user for yourself 
 +is to log in as root with the root password that you created at 
 +the end of the intallation processand then issue the 
 +**//​adduser//​** commandThis will interactively assist 
 +you in creating a user; see [[slackbook:users|User and Group Management|the section called “Managing Users and Groups"​]] for more 
 +information.
  
-  ​* [[http://​microlinux.fr/​articles/​slackware1.zip ​Part 1, ZIP archive 3.3 MB]] + 
-  * [[http://​microlinux.fr/​articles/​slackware2.zip ​Part 2, ZIP archive 0.5 MB]] +====== Chapter Navigation ====== 
-  * [[http://microlinux.fr/articles/​slackware3.zip | Part 3, ZIP archive 0.6 MB]] + 
-  * [[http://​microlinux.fr/​articles/​slackware4.zip ​Part 4ZIP archive 1.5 MB]]+**Previous Chapter: ​[[slackbook:intro_to_slackware|Introduction]]** 
 + 
 +**Next Chapter: ​[[slackbook:booting|Booting]]** 
 +====== Sources ====== 
 +<!-- If you copy information from another source, then specify that source --> 
 +  * Original source: ​[[http://www.slackbook.org/beta]] \\ 
 +<!-- Authors are allowed to give credit to themselves! --> 
 +  * Originally written by Alan Hicks, Chris Lumens, David Cantrell, Logan Johnson 
 +<!-- * Contrbutions by [[wiki:user:​yyy ​User Y]] --> 
 + 
 +<!-- Please do not modify anything belowexcept adding new tags.--> 
 +<!-- You must also remove the tag-word "​template"​ below. Otherwise your page will not show up in the Table of Contents --> 
 +{{tag>​slackbook install setup partitioning}}

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