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howtos:network_services:setup_apache [2015/03/29 13:04 (UTC)]
arfon [USER CGI-BIN]
howtos:network_services:setup_apache [2018/12/23 21:51 (UTC)] (current)
ellendhel [VHOSTS WITH INDIVIDUAL CGI-BIN DIRECTORIES] Formatting
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 This is a general how to to get a basic httpd service up and running. This is a general how to to get a basic httpd service up and running.
  
-Applies to: \\ +Applies to: 
- ​Slackware 14.1 (and possibly previous versions) ​\\ +  ​* ​Slackware 14.1 (and possibly previous versions) 
- ​Apache 2 (and possibly previous versions) ​\\+  ​* ​Apache 2 (and possibly previous versions) 
 + 
 +====== Basic Setup ====== 
 + 
 +Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:
  
-====== BASIC SETUP ====== 
-1) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary: 
 <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf
  
-  ServerAdmin you@myawesomeserver.com ​ <​---OPTIONAL+  ​# optional, require a proper DNS configuration 
 +  ​ServerAdmin you@myawesomeserver.com
   ServerName www.myawesomeserver.com:​80   ServerName www.myawesomeserver.com:​80
   ​   ​
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   CustomLog "/​var/​log/​httpd/​access_log"​ common   CustomLog "/​var/​log/​httpd/​access_log"​ common
   ​   ​
-  ​Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-autoindex.conf <​---OPTIONAL ​but nice. this creates a directory listing if index.html is missing. +  ​# Optional ​but nice. this creates a directory listing if index.html is missing. 
-  Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-default.conf ​  <​---OPTIONAL+  Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-autoindex.conf 
 +  # Optional 
 +  Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-default.conf
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
 All other default settings should be good. All other default settings should be good.
  
-2) Make httpd start on boot.+Make httpd start on boot. 
 <​code>​chmod 755 /​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd <​code>​chmod 755 /​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd
 /​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd start</​code>​ /​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd start</​code>​
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-====== ​USER DIRECTORIES ​====== +====== ​User Directories ​======
-This will allow users to have individual web space (/​home/​USER/​public_html). ​ These can be accessed from the web by adding "​~USERNAME"​ to the URL. \\ +
-EXAMPLE: \\ +
- ​http://​www.slackware.com/​~pat+
  
 +This will allow users to have individual web space (/​home/​user/​public_html). ​ These can be accessed from the web by adding "​~username"​ to the URL.
  
-1) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:+Example: <​nowiki>​http://​www.slackware.com/​~pat</​nowiki>​ 
 + 
 + 
 +Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:
 <​code>​ vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf <​code>​ vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf
  
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   Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf</​code>​   Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf</​code>​
  
-2) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf,​ change/​uncomment the following:+Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf,​ change/​uncomment the following:
 <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf
  
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   </​Directory></​code>​   </​Directory></​code>​
  
-3) Restart Apache+Restart Apache
 <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​ <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​
  
  
-====== ​ENABLE ​CGI-BIN ====== +====== ​Enable ​CGI-BIN ======
-This enables CGI script execution on your webserver.+
  
 +This enables CGI script execution on your webserver.
  
-1) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:+Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:
 <​code>​ vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf <​code>​ vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf
  
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   </​IfModule></​code>​   </​IfModule></​code>​
  
-2) Restart Apache+Restart Apache
 <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​ <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​
  
 **HINT:** Your cgi-bin directory will be /​srv/​httpd/​cgi-bin/​. The scripts can be accessed by adding /​cgi-bin/​SCRIPTNAME to the website URL. **HINT:** Your cgi-bin directory will be /​srv/​httpd/​cgi-bin/​. The scripts can be accessed by adding /​cgi-bin/​SCRIPTNAME to the website URL.
  
-EXAMPLE\\ +Example<​nowiki>​http://​www.slackware.com/​cgi-bin/​awesomescript.pl</​nowiki>​
- http://​www.slackware.com/​cgi-bin/​awesomescript.pl+
     ​     ​
-**NOTE: This does not apply to php scripts, see the below for them.**+**NOTE**: This does not apply to PHP scripts, see the below for them.
   ​   ​
  
  
-====== ​USER CGI-BIN ====== +====== ​User CGI-BIN ======
-This will allow users to run CGI scripts out of their /​home/​USER/​public_html/​cgi-bin directory. Their scripts can be accessed through their user directories.+
  
-EXAMPLE: +This will allow users to run CGI scripts out of their /home/user/public_html/​cgi-bin ​directory. Their scripts can be accessed through their user directories.
- http://www.slackware.com/~pat/cgi-bin/webform.pl+
  
-1) Setup CGI-BIN as described above.+Example: <​nowiki>​http://​www.slackware.com/​~pat/​cgi-bin/webform.pl</​nowiki>​
  
-2) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:+Setup CGI-BIN as described above. 
 + 
 +Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:
 <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-userdir.conf
  
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   </​Directory></​code>​   </​Directory></​code>​
  
-3) Restart Apache+Restart Apache
 <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​ <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​
-====== ​ENABLE ​PHP ======+====== ​Enable ​PHP ====== 
 [[howtos:​network_services:​setup_apache_php_mysql|http://​docs.slackware.com/​howtos:​network_services:​setup_apache_php_mysql]] [[howtos:​network_services:​setup_apache_php_mysql|http://​docs.slackware.com/​howtos:​network_services:​setup_apache_php_mysql]]
  
-====== ​VIRTUAL HOSTS ====== +====== ​Virtual Hosts ====== 
-1) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:+ 
 +Edit /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf - Here is what you care about, change/​uncomment the following lines as necessary:
  
 <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf
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   Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf</​code>​   Include /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf</​code>​
  
-2) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf - Here is what you care about, add one of these entries for each virtual host:+Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf - Here is what you care about, add one of these entries for each virtual host:
  
 <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf
Line 162: Line 170:
   </​VirtualHost></​code>​   </​VirtualHost></​code>​
  
-3) Restart Apache+Restart Apache
 <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​ <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​
  
-**NOTE:** I run my vhosts as users so, the document roots are under /home/USER directories. ​Y**ou do not have to do this.** You can put the document roots anywhere you like.+**NOTE:** I run my vhosts as users so, the document roots are under /home/user directories. ​You do not have to do this. You can put the document roots anywhere you like. 
 + 
 +Example: 
 + 
 +/​srv/​www/​htdocs/​server1 \\ 
 +/​srv/​www/​htdocs/​server2 \\
  
-EXAMPLE\\ +**NOTE 2:** These do not affect your default webserver setting in /etc/httpd/httpd.confThat web server instance will still work and be the default if a plain IP in used as the URL.
-  ​/srv/www/htdocs/​server1 \\ +
-  /​srv/​www/​htdocs/​server2 \\ +
-  etc... \\+
  
-**NOTE2:** These do not affect your default webserver setting in /​etc/​httpd/​httpd.conf. That web server instance will still work and be the default if a plain IP in used as the URL. 
  
 +====== Vhosts with individual CGI-BIN directories ======
  
-====== VHOSTS WITH INDIVIDUAL CGI-BIN DIRECTORIES ====== +If you have virtual hosts that need CGI (or need CGI in their own directory) you can do it like this:
-If you have virtual hosts that need cgi (or need cgi in their own directory) you can do it like this:+
  
-1) Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf - Add one of these entries for each vhost that needs unique cgi-bin directories:​+Edit /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf - Add one of these entries for each vhost that needs unique cgi-bin directories:​
  
 <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf <​code>​vi /​etc/​httpd/​extra/​httpd-vhosts.conf
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   </​Directory></​code>​   </​Directory></​code>​
  
-2) Restart Apache+Restart Apache
 <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​ <​code>/​etc/​rc.d/​rc.httpd restart</​code>​
  

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